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Full text of "Georgia Game and Fish"

COVER PAGES 



FRONT PAGE 

Tommy Shaw, of Atlanta, one 
of our better fishermen, likes to 
catch yellow perch. He has the 
best luck in the fall months 
when the perch are deep. As 
shown in the picture, they are 
beautiful fish and Tommy rates 
them with the best for table use. 

BACK PAGE 

Along the Oconee and Alta- 
maha Rivers, Eddie Pollett of 
Uvalda, is operating some 30 
legal fish baskets. In the boat 
with Eddie, are Pat Wolf and 
his dad, H. S. Wolf, who just 
wanted to see rough fish control 
work in action. Eddie has plenty 
of know-how and has been get- 
ting his share of catfish, carp, 
etc. 



9* 7ku $mm 

Game and Fish Partnership 2 

Fishing Prosperity 3 

Why take creel census 4 

Trout are Aristocrats 5 

The Assassin 7 

Wilderness Survival 8-9 

Lamprey Eels 11 

Big Coastal Pass 13 

Rough Fish 14-15 

Drownproof Yourself 17 

Otters 19 

Reciprocal Agreement 21 

Meet the Chiefs 25 



Game and Fish "PARTNERSHIP" 

By FULTON LOVELL, Director 
Game and Fish Commission 

1/ATURE and Georgia are in a game and fish partnership that we 
if like to think of as unsurpassed. Our appraisal and inventory has 
given us a proper perspective of what we really possess. Some years 
ago, there was talk of empty, Ashless streams and forest bare of 
wildlife. Such talk today is rarely heard. 

It has been said our quail are 
slowly vanishing to a point of 
possible extinction. Yet our last 
hunting season proved this 
statement without merit and 
completely false. It was generally 
agreed that Georgia had the 
greatest quail season in the his- 
tory of the state. 

Your Game and Fish Commis- 
sion has been vigilant in keeping 
tab on all species of wildlife. It 
has been our objective to main- 
tain a healthy game and fish pro- 
gram. Long ago we recognized 
man's efforts to grow a wildlife 
crop as futile. Only Nature can 
do the job of replenishing the 
renewable resources of game and 
fish. Our vital contribution has 
been and will continue to be an 
act of lending Nature a helping 
hand when it is needed. 

It is a simple matter of arith- 
metic. One cow would perhaps 
thrive on an acre of fertile land 
but 6 cows on this same acre 
probably would starve. Wildlife must have food. Fish too. 

Our assistance to Nature then has been concentrated in a serious 
effort to provide adequate food and cover. 

Our skilled game technicians deserve much credit for our hunt- 
ing successes. They seem to have a compelling thirst for more 
knowledge and research that will bring about better wildlife condi- 
tions. They carry on a never ending program of restocking, so 
successful that we now have deer in almost every section of the state. 

In areas where wild turkeys disappeared years ago, the restocking 
program has brought them back. The wild turkey population is 
satisfactory in face of ever increasing hunting pressure. Our com- 
petent game technicians are an investment in insurance for a sur- 
plus crop of wildlife for the hunter to harvest and a comfort in the 
knowledge that an ample seed stock will remain. 

The Game and Fish Commission is encouraged by the way 
our efficient fisheries biologists have brought calm out of chaotic 
fishing conditions. These trained, highly skilled experts rolled up 
their sleeves and went to work. They have the staggering problem 
of re-establishing good fishing in thousands of privately owned lakes 

(Continued on Page 22) 




FULTON LOVELL 
Director, Game and Fish Commission 



GEORGIA GAME AND FISH 



Fall Edition 



J. L. Stearns, Editor 



Bill Atkinson, Associate Editor 



Vol. 5, No. 1 



Published by the Georgia Game and Fish Commission, 112 State Capitol, Atlanta. Georgia in the interest of Georgia wildlife ami fur fishermen, hunt- 
ers, nature lovers and conservation of natural resources. There Is no subscription fee this publication is free and Is paid fur by the purchase of 
fishing and hunting licenses. Please notify us at once of any change of address. Contents of this magazine may he reprinted with proper credit. 
Tills publication welcomes pictures, drawings, stories and articles dealing with outdoor subjects for consideration. No contributions will be returned 
unless solicited by authorized party representing (Jame & Fish Commission and accompanied by sufficient postage. Kntered as third class postage. 



Fishing Prosperity! 



Outdoor Sportsmen Spend 
$25 Million Dollars a Day 



New Lakes Attract 

Thousands; Peak 

Yet to Come 

^ILONG about this time of year 
ri there are just two kinds of 
people in Georgia. Those who 
have gone fishing, and those who 
are going. Within the past three 
years, fishermen in this state 
have tripled in numbers and the 
count includes more women and 
youngsters than ever before in 
history. In the future, the pro- 
blem will be to find somebody 
who doesn't fish. 

Without taking a thing away 
from the highly publicized 
sports such as football, baseball, 
etc., — all of them could be pack- 
aged up and absorbed into the 
Number One sport — fishing — 
and the bulge would hardly 
show. Some sports pages crowd 
out and play down hunting and 
fishing. Many newspapers rec- 
ognize the value of outdoor 
news and give it a high priority. 

During the football season, the 
outdoor sportsman is often 
shown the back door so that 
more space can be given gridiron 
activities. But, compared to 
hunting, the Number Two sport 
in America, football would be 
like entering a lame jackass in 
the Kentucky Derby. 

Let's view, with a clear mind, 
some facts. There are four major 
magazines published monthly on 
hunting and fishing. Every state 
turns out hunting and fishing 
magazines and there are count- 
less others devoted exclusively 
to the subject. What other sport 
gets this attention? 

Fishermen are not numbered 
among those who are always 
content to buy a ticket and 
watch somebody else partici- 
pate in competitive sports. He 



prefers to get into the act and 
does. Proof of the popularity of 
hunting and fishing is wrapped 
up in the statistics that Ameri- 
can sportsmen spend $25,000,000 
per day — the year around. A 
million dollar gate in boxing still 
is a sensational classic with 
months of newspaper, TV, and 
radio build-up. 

Clark Hill waters alone will be 
visited this year by an estimated 
200,000 anglers. Allatoona, on a 
good week-end, will entertain 
from 2,000 to 3,000 fishermen. 



The new Sinclair Lake will get 
special attention from thou- 
sands, Blue Ridge, Burton, Nott- 
ley, Chatuge, Jackson, Rabun, 
Blackshear, and the Jim Wood- 
ruff Lake (they back up water 
this year) will not suffer for the 
want of fishermen. This is just 
partial coverage of our big 
lakes. Then too, there are some 
28,000 lakes and ponds, many 
of them privately owned. The 
trout streams will be choked with 
anglers as usual. Salt water 

(Continued on Page 22) 



Bob Singleton (left) and Cecil McClure, of Clayton, have evidence of tackle bustin' Lake 
Burton bass. Lake Burton is being "discovered" every day. Hundreds of fishermen say it is 
the best fishing water in the nation. Where else can you catch whopping bass, fighting 
rainbows, five pounds or more, crappie, white bass, bream, yellow perch, catfish, all in one lake? 
You name it — chances are — it's in this marvelous lake. 




2% Jake 

CREEL CENSUS? 

By Fred J. Dickson 

Chief, Fish Management 

MIRY take a creel census? A 
* creel census to fishing is 
comparable to an inventory on 
the stock of goods by merchants. 
It reveals the kind, number, and 
size of fish taken by anglers. 
From these reports, the fisher- 
ies biologist may determine, for 
example, whether or not our 
mountain trout streams are pro- 
ducing good catches to the satis- 
faction of the ever increasing 
number of fishermen. 

While some of the figures may 
seem unimportant or irrelevant, 
the biologist gets much vital in- 
formation from the check-up 
showing the number of fish 
caught per hour of efforts, or 
perhaps per full day of effort. 
The number of fish caught can 
determine, in the report of a 
skilled fisheries manager, just 
how much fishing pressure is be- 
ing put on practically any body of 
water, and what percent of the 
game fish are removed. With 
this information, the hatchery 
division better understands how 
much restocking is necessary 
and when. 

Without the cooperation of 
the fishermen, a creel census 










"%. 












This also goes with fly fishing. There is always a twig, vine or leaf to snag a fly. This 
Wildcat Creek angler untangles his lure before working a pool below a waterfall. 



ness of various restocking 
needs ; type of baits or lures ; 
time of day fish caught ; and the 
meteorological conditions at the 
time when the angler was most 
successful. Later, fishermen will 
have all of this worthwhile 
knowledge upon request. We 
shall determine if a small per- 
centage of the fishermen are 
catching a very large percentage 
of all the fish. 

Warm water streams and 
lakes do not need restocking 
since warm water species poss- 
ess the natural reproductive 



ActMiif tepctt helpJ expert* plan future 



program is impossible. In the 
final analysis, all information 
assembled is for the benefit and 
enlightenment of the fisherman 
on what he can can expect for his 
fishing efforts. Biologists assign- 
ed to the job have highly compli- 
mented our fishermen for their 
willingness to provide statistics. 
Soon we may have a comparison 
of the different north Georgia 
streams. We are of the opinion 
that some of them are under- 
fished while others have entire- 
ly too much fishing pressure. 

This year we hope our creel 
census will tell us when and how 
many fish to restock; effective- 



powers to maintain the number 
and weight that the stream will 
support. However, there will be 
a creel census conducted this 
year on parts of the Oconee, 
Ocmulgee, and Altamaha Rivers 
and on the Allatoona Reservoir 
mainly to fird out what percent 
of the game fish are caught. We 
are especially interested in find- 
ing out what percent of the rough 
fish are removed, and the extent 
the rough fish reduction im- 
proves sport fishing. 

Various species of fish will be, 
or already have been, tagged and 
released in the above mentioned 
rivers and reservoirs. When 



fishing these waters, be sure to 
look carefully for these tags. 
Prizes are offered for the return 
of all tags. 

From the tags we will better 
understand such things as 
concerns migration, average 
size, weight, age, general condi- 
tions, and the percent of game 
fish removed. We sincerely 
hope each fisherman will co- 
operate wholeheartedly with the 
creel census clerk, as a good 
creel census is one of the tools 
of fish management that will 
show in facts and figures if a 
modification of management 
practices is needed. 



Beautiful Noontootly rushes by and this 
fisherman is slipping a black gnat (behind 
a spinner) into the dark recesses under 
overhanging vegetation. It's a hideout of 
big trout. Reports from these men will help 
make the creel census a big success. 




Treat 



The ARISTOCRATS 



JcING Crosby was asked to comment on the great- 
"^ est thrill of his life and without hesitation 
named — not golf as would be expected but fly 
fishing for trout. He explained it was the rise 
of the trout to a dry fly, the explosion, the swirls 
or splashes in the sparkling, rippling waters of 
a mountain stream that caused his pulse to quick- 
en and the tingle we call a thrill to race through 
his body. 

Georgia has thousands of anglers, who feel the 
same way about it. The fly rod is a thing of beauty 
in the hands of a sportsman who knows how to use 
it. Some call it the post graduate degree of fishing. 
Georgia surely must rate among the top states in 
the nation for its number of skillful anglers. Some 
of them can drop a dry or wet fly on a dime at 
thirty paces and get a nickel change. 

Why are so many people interested in trout? 
Perhaps the determining factors are many. No 
question about it, the trout family went swimming 
off with all the honors when it came to beauty. 
The colors of a rainbow trout — well, who has ever 
seen an unattractive or colorless rainbow. The 
name "rainbow" was perfect. One look at a rain- 
bow just lifted out of the water is a sight you 
can't forget. The brown trout too has its flare for 




color with those fire-ball red dots. Brook trout, 
under good conditions, sparkle like a rare gem. 

Trout are the aristocrats of all fresh water fish. 
They dwell only in the purest of water, cold and 
unpolluted. But the mortality is high. This being 
true, all men who catch trout have ample reason 
to be proud of their catch. 

Trout are reasonably fertile; the female pro- 

(Continued on Page 22) 



Brand new life! These greatly enlarged photos taken by Jack Dermld show rcinbows getting their first peek at this big old world. In the 
top picture, you see rainbow trout actually hatching from eggs. Look carefully. Watch them tumble out head first, tail first, or almost at 
once from the slit in the egg case. The eyes of troutdom are upon you! Note the eyes of unhatched fish showing through egg cases. 
Below, they are 24 hours of age now and as active as jello in an earthquake. There is scarcely any resemblance between these baby rainbows 
and the flashing, fighting adults they soon will grow to be. 



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START EM YOUNG 

(1) Just a few more lessons and dads will be omazed to find their 
youngsters talking about tapered lines, nylon gears end light action 
rods. Here is how future fishing experts are made. Bill Curry, (left) 
conducts one of his annual classes on the roof of a large department 
store. (2) — George Pendley, of Atlanta, shows a couple of good reasons 
why he likes to fish. He snapped these bass to attention with 
spinning equipment. (3) J. T. Shealy, (left) and Benny Johnson, of 
Savannah checked out this excellent shad catch in the Ogeechee 
River. Their wives were along to share in the trolling fun. (4) W. R. 
Meroney, of Warner Robins, hod the fishing thrill of his life with 
this 8 ' 2 pound bass caught in Lake Joy near Perry. His 3-year-old 
daughter Carolyn Lee proudly took charge. (5) Dan Wainwright and 
Bob Rowell, of Nahunta, visited the Sotilla River for 12 Bass — the 
big one weighed 8 pounds. 



The 

A C C A . . 



IN! 



Rrmor-Plated Car Slaughters Came Fish 



Hitler £ujtjilieA 
% Ihtitb 
Oct Anqlete 

^ILENTLY it glides near the 
«5 water's surface. Suddenly 
there is a flash, a swirl and 
another small fish joins the long 
list of victims of the fresh water 
assassin, the killer gar. 

These elongated savages are 
every inch a killer ranging from 
the size of a pencil on up to the 
200 pounders. Their long rows 
of sharp, needle-like teeth can 
deliver a quick, lethal blow to a 
game fish that might in a split- 
second of carelessness be off 
guard. 

Gars are without fear. They 
are like well armored sub- 
marines, cruising about on the 
prowl for new victims. All small 



fish instinctively drift off to 
cover and give the gar plenty of 
passing room. Since the gar is 
relatively slow, it is a first class 
"sucker" and "duck-soup" for 
the cruel, crushing jaws of an 
alligator. But that's the way it 
is in the aquatic kingdom of 
fishes — eat and be eaten. The end 
is never far away. 

You wouldn't say the gar is 
scarce in Georgia. In fact, we 
seem to have slightly more than 
our share. At present, we can do 
little about this impudent crea- 
ture which has come down 
through the ages to claim fame 
for his species as one of the 
oldest forms of fish life. Our 
brand new rough fish control 
laws do not provide us with the 
weapons to declare war on this 
marauder. When the rough 
fish program proves its merit 
beyond question, our biologists 
then will ask the legislature to 
legalize the necessary tools to 
halt the widespread depreda- 
tions of the gar. Meanwhile, he 



will continue his free course of 
action and fatten up on a diet 
of game fish. 

Where it regards eating gar, 
many fishermen sum it up thus- 
ly, "Ugh !" Others say the meat 
is delicious if properly flavored 
even if nobody has ever turned 
up with a recipe for that flavor- 
ing. There has been talk about 
garburgers — whatever that is. 

There are a few of our fisher- 
men who seek to satisfy a burn- 
ing desire for thrills, adventure 
and excitement by fishing for 
gar. They use a wire noose that 
clamps tightly over that ugly 
extended snout. They also bait a 
hook with meat, let the gar hit 
it and take it away. They give 
him time to munch on this tid- 
bit before they lunge back and 
set the hook. This is the time 
when Mr. Gar goes berserk, boils 
the water, performs acrobatics 
and puts on a great show. It's a 
guaranteed fishing thrill to hook 
and land a gar. Try it. 



(1) — Those saw teeth of this long-nose gar can be sudden death 
to small fish. The alligator gar is said to have two rows of teeth. 
(2) Roe shown in front had skin peeled off. Note the thousands of 
eggs that might have added a heavy population of small gar (rough 
fish) to otherwise good fishing waters. Wonder how many small bass 



and bream were gobbled up in the development of all those eggs. 
It is reported, these eggs are toxic and if fed to a chicken — the 
chicken will die. Roe shown in the background is still covered by 
skin. The roe contents of two gar is displayed. These excellent 
pictures by Joe Medcolf, of Thomaston. 








t/JMrvi 



Simple Application 

0$ Woodcraft 

Vital factor 

By Crawford F. Barnett, M. D. 

/T can happen to you, the wrong 
trail, a missed landmark and 
you are on your own ; lost ! That 
surge of panic can be fatal, so 
be prepared before it happens, 
with the all important "Know 
How." With this and a clear 
head, barring physical injury, 
you actually are only tempor- 
arily out of touch — never lost. 

In planning a trip into unfam- 
iliar territory, check with the 
weatherman, study your map, 
and above all else, tell some 
responsible person where you 
are going. 




L. C. Powers, of Madison, discovers the sod truth. He's lost! 



BE READY FOR 

Wilderness 

—TRAGEDY, PANIC UNNECESSARY 



Survival! 



If you are physically fit, 
dressed and equipped for a pos- 
sible emergency; if you know 
simple fundamental woodcraft 
principles and can, to some ex- 
tent, apply them, your misad- 
venture, while perhaps, embar- 
rassing, need not be a tragedy. 
Make it your business to know 
what can be used for food and 
where to look for it. You should 
know how to care for your body, 
how to conserve energy, where 
to sleep, how to find or prepare 
shelter, and what things can 
harm you. 

A check list of equipment is 
invaluable, otherwise, many use- 
ful items may be overlooked. 
Prepare yourself actually to sur- 
vive should the need arise. The 
list of useful equipment is end- 
less but a few things should be 



8 



"musts": — a small first aid kit, 
matches, (and they can be dipp- 
ed in wax to waterproof) , a good 
knife, a little card with fish- 
hooks in it may be carried safe- 
ly in the bill-folder with some 
strong fishing line. Some hard 
candy or a chocolate bar can be 
the difference between misery 
and comfort. Mole skin adhesive 
for blistering feet, a pencil, a 
flashlight in a waterproof con- 
tainer, and, last of all, a com- 
pass. These items will fit com- 
fortably in your pockets. 

The four cornerstones of sur- 
vival are: (1) Think before 
acting, (2) Food, (3) Shelter, 
(4) Water. With these, wilder- 
ness survival is a certainty. 

Sit down and think your pro- 
blem through — weigh carefully 
in your mind whether you 



should try to find your way back 
or whether you should "sit 
tight" and wait for help. This is 
your most important decision so 
take your time about making it. 
Just how to evaluate how lost 
you really are, of course, depends 
on many things such as time, 
weather, distance, your famil- 
iarity with the locality and how 
you happened to be lost, plus the 
possibility of rescue attempts. 
If there is real doubt as to which 
course of action to follow, you 
won't regret swallowing your 
chagrin and embarrassment in 
awaiting help. 

If, after careful thought, you 
are certain you can find your 
way back to civilization, first 
mark your location with broken 
branches, rocks, or with what- 
ever material available, then set 



your course by selecting a prom- 
inent landmark in the desired 
direction of travel that can be 
seen en route. Relate the posi- 
tion of the sun to yourself and 
distant landmarks. As you ap- 
proach this landmark, line up 
another farther away. 

Streams, ridges, trees, bluffs 
will generally guide you in open 
country. It is well to remember 
that most individuals are right- 
legged just as they are right- 
handed, and so tend to take a 
longer step with the right leg 
with the result that they walk 
in a circle to the left or counter- 
clockwise. Continue marking 
your trail as you go, always 
looking for familiar landmarks. 
Climbing a tall tree may aid in 
this. If you find a stream, creek 
or river, follow it either up or 
down until you find a path, 
which may lead you to some- 
one or possibly some house. At 
a fork take the most traveled 
path. 

Don't travel at night in 
strange wooded country except 
in an emergency. In open coun- 
try it may be the only time to 
travel. A light should be used 
at night only to read a map or 
compass or in particularly rough 
or dangerous spots. Your eyes 
will adjust to darkness in a 
short time, while with a light 
you are blinded to everything 
outside the small area of illum- 
ination. Traveling on a ridge 
is often easier than hiking in a 
valley or along a stream. Vege- 
tation is usually less dense, the 
ridge itself serves as a guide, 
outlooks are frequent, and there 
will be few streams or swamps 
to cross. 

In the event you decide to "sit 
tight" and await help, start 
searching for food and water be- 
fore you become too tired or 
exhausted to do so effectively. 
Make camp before darkness. 




Our lost fisherman has the right idea. Sit down and think it over. It is the trademark 
of a good outdoorsman, the kind that never fail to get back home rich in experience and 
delighted with the thrill of a pleasant adventure. 



it is winter, gather twice as 
much as you think you will need. 
To signal, add green or wet 
leaves or grass to a fire. The 
more smoke, the quicker your 
chance of being located. In ex- 
tremely cold weather, build sev- 



1J4e landmark A > Atreanti to fih4 uaif back 



Fallen trees, caves, cliffs, and 
boughs, will provide shelter. Get 
out of the wind or rain if pos- 
sible. Don't move your cam]) 
unless you have to since your 
ehances of being found are much 
better if you "stay put." 

Gather wood for a fire and if 



eral fires, burn one to hot ashes, 
scrape them away and you have 
a hot bed to sleep on for hours. 
You will be reasonably comfort- 
able instead of numbed by the 
cold. Repeat the procedure as 
necessary. Should you be 
drenched ir. an icy stream, build 



a large fire, then strip to the 
skin and dry your clothes while 
nude. Otherwise, the evapora- 
tion from wet clothes on the 
body while drying before the 
fire will seriously or even fatally 
lower the body temperature. 

Emergency food is usually 
abundant if you are smart 
enough to forget your civilized 
eating habits. Any animal in 
the temperate zone is edible in- 
cluding mice, snakes, snails, liz- 
zards, worms, bugs, fish, tad- 
poles, salamanders, bats, frogs, 
toads, turtles, clams, mussels. 
crayfish, crabs, shrimp, ants. 
termites, grasshoppers, locusts, 

(Continued on Pace 23) 





(1) — Mrs. Frank Spooner, (left) of Iron City, looks approvingly 
at the string of fish her grandson, Jim holds up. Mrs. Grady Richard- 
son, of Donalsonville, helped catch this string of Flint River scrappers. 
(2) — This is the type of picture to make an angler's heart skip a beat. 
Clyde Huffman, of Blue Ridge, leads a ra ; nbow to net in beautiful 
Jack's River. (3) — Little lady, you've had a busy day. She is Mary 
Jane Miller, of Decatur with a catch from Mrs. Harrison's Lake just 
off Redan Road. (4) — David Dalie, robust Okefenokee Swamp Park 
naturalist, hopefully works a lure through the dark waters of a 
swamp channel. These canals are loaded with bowfin, an undesirable 
fish which lecves much to be desired for eating but capable of fight- 
ing back with the best of them. The beauty of the Okefenokee swamp 
is still unsurpassed. 



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Luood f/e 

Lamprey Invasion No Cause for Alarm 



A/fOST of us first heard of 
lf[ these strange lamprey 
creatures when they appeared in 
tremendous numbers in the 
Great Lakes. The Great Lakes 
lamprey invasion assumed con- 
siderable economic importance 
when it became apparent that 
these parasitic fishes were 
responsible for the decline of 
valuable commercial fisheries of 
those bodies of water. Reports 
of lampreys in Georgia waters 
have received widespread atten- 
tion. It is only natural, that our 
fishermen should be alarmed by 
these reports. Much of this 
alarm seems unwarranted. 

Superficially they resemble an 
eel, but close examination of 
characteristics will distinguish 
lampreys, not only from eels, 
but all other fishes. 

The unusual lamprey mouth 
is in line with its peculiar feed- 
ing habits. Most lampreys are 
parasitic on other fishes. A 
lamprey can attach itself to the 
side of a fish with this suction- 
cup mouth and proceed to rasp 
away at the skin and scales of 
the victim with its tongue and 
teeth. From the wound thus 
made the lamprey draws the 
fish's blood for food. 

Another unusual lamprey fea- 
ture is its set of gills. The gills 
of other fishes are located un- 
der a gill cover but the lamp- 
rey has a series of muscular 
pouches containing gills. These 
pouches open to the outside 
separately by seven porthole- 
like openings on each side of the 
body just behind the head. 

The life histories of various 
lampreys are unusual. Practic- 
ally all lampreys ascend small, 
gravelly streams in the spring 
to spawn. Like our West Coast 
salmon they spawn only once, 
then die. They may spawn as 
pairs or groups of individuals. 
Both males and females partici- 
pate in building a "nest" which 
is a shallow depression on a 



By Dr. Donald C. Scott 

gravelly riffle. Stones are often 
picked up by mouth and moved 
from the nest area while smaller 
materials are swept out of the 
nest by the vigorous fanning 
activities. 

The female attaches herself 
by her mouth to a stone at the 
upstream edge of nest. The 
male then attaches himself by 
mouth to the body of the female 
and curls around the female. 
The vents are thus brought close 
together so that the eggs are 
fertilized upon release. The eggs, 
being sticky, pick up sand grains 
stirred up by the activities of 
the spawning pair. Thus weight- 
ed, the eggs fall into the nest 
and come to rest in the gravel. 
Within a few weeks, the young 
hatch out and are swept down- 
stream by the current. 

Once in a quiet backwater they 
burrow into the muddy bottom. 
The young lamprey is a blind, 
worm-like creature with a fun- 
nel shaped mouth. From its bur- 
row it obtains food by straining 
tiny plants and animals from 
the mud and water. After sever- 
al years of this blind, mud- 
dwelling existence, the young 
lamprey develops functional 
eyes, disc-like mouth and the 
olive or grey adult coloration. 
There are three general types: 
the sea lamprey, the freshwater 
parasitic lamprey, and the brook 
lamprey. 

Sea lampreys emerging from 
their mud bank home of four or 
five years, move downstream to 
the ocean or some large body of 
fresh water. Here they take up 
a parasitic existence and grow 
at the expense of other fishes 
until they reach sexual matur- 
ity, a matter of one or two 
years. Then they ascend streams, 
spawn and die on the riffles as 
their parents did five or six 
years before. 

These lampreys move down- 
stream to large rivers where 



they feed on other fish until they 
reach maturity then return to 
the riffles of a tributary stream 
where they also spawn and die. 

Unlike other lampreys, the 
brook lampreys are never para- 
sitic. They do not feed at all 
after emerging from the mud 
but simply move upstream to a 
suitable riffle to complete their 
life cycle with spawning and 
death. 

All three of the above men- 
tioned lampreys have been 
taken in Georgia. 

No specimens of the sea lamp- 

(Continued on Page 20) 



Attached to the side of the jar, this lam- 
prey shows how it would look on a fish 
Note row of muscular pouches along side of 
body which incloses the gills. 




V 



11 








- .^v v * 







V ■'*' 



r..t. 



H 



■-.; 



■ > 



-Jms. j^c*,. 



(1) — You've heard about the time when 
the fish struck as fast as you could get a 
baited hook in the water? — Well, this was 
one of those times. It was in the Frederica 
River near Brunswick. J. Roy Duggan holds 
up the big channel bass to be admired by 
his fishing partners, Jack and Jean Hice, all 
of St. Simons. They teamed up to catch 217 
trout and bass. Who needs a better recom- 
mendation for Georgia salt water fishing? (2) 
— -State patrol boat cruising off Cumberland 
Island. (3) — Mama loggerhead has had a 
rough day. She has just deposited over 150 
eggs in the sand on an island off the coast 
of Brunswick and is headed back to water. 
She will weigh something over 200 pounds. 
(4) — Fiddler crabs everywhere and they make 
excellent bait. 




CcaMal Water* Give u P Rty SaU 



JUST 16 REDS 

WEIGHED OVER 

500 POUNDS 

yALT water fishermen are as 
plentiful in Georgia as ants 
at a picnic. It is amusing to see 
some of them hot-foot it great 
distances across the state line in 
search of the big spots (reds or 
channel bass) and speckled 
trout. 

According to Wm. Penn 
Waller of Savanah, they are just 
running away from some of the 
best fishing on earth, right along 
the Georgia coast. Waller ought 
to know. Last October near Gay- 
nors Banks, he and his three 
companions had to quit after 
catching 16 that weighed over 
500 pounds. The boat was load- 
ed. 

Then in November, Waller's 
party went back to catch 23 bass 
that weighed over 700 pounds 
and left the fish still biting. The 
average was 32 pounds or more 
per bass. Almost any three of 
them would send the scales danc- 



ing around the 100 pound mark. 
Don't believe it? — O. K., look 
at the top picture. There hang 
23 of the prettiest salt water bass 
you'll ever cast your peepers 
over. That's what our Georgia 
anglers are running madly to 
other states to find. 

There are times when lady 
luck just won't smile, but oc- 
casionally she will laugh out 
loud if you are willing to take 
a chance. Shortly before day- 
break one morning at St. Simons, 
Bill Cullens (left) and Bob Kent 
(picture number 2) faced a pro- 
blem. The winds were whipping 
and lashing around the Marina. 
Dark clouds above and the gen- 
eral weather outlook was for one 
of those days when anglers are 
least likely to succeed. 

They decided to set caution 
aside and risk it. Off they went 
down the Hampton River and 
when the sun slipped up over 
the marsh, Bill and Bob were 
catching bass and trout and 
having a great time. It is by no 
means the biggest haul they 
have ever had but considering 
how it all started — it was a 



wonderful day. That big bass 
Bob is holding was a 9 pounder. 

What do these fellows think of 
our coastal fishing? Both agree, 
"It's great." 

In picture number 3, Mrs. L. 
S. Miller of Brunswick and Mrs. 
C. L. Cannon of Macon hold a 
wonderful food fish known as 
"Tripletail" or Eddy fish. If you 
are an impatient angler, you'll 
like the Eddy fish. You can pull 
up to a buoy, drop your bait and 
if the "Triple-tail" is going to 
bite, it doesn't waste much time. 

It just adds up to some great 
fishing along the Georgia coast. 
Stick around and enjoy it. 



Jsz a a h 1/1/ a if on «J aid — 

"What would a blind man 
give to see the pleasant 
rivers, the meadows, the 
flowers, the glory of the sun 
and the many blessings 
which we enjoy each day — 
and too often forget to 
praise God for them." 









Jull Scale Attack on 



^HIS rough fish control program is not only a 
/ challenge but also somewhat of a mystery to 
thousands of legal basket operators. 

The challenge to trap manipulators is to take out 
enough rough fish so that bream, bass and other 
sport fish will show a progressive trend in new 
populations. This, the biologists assure us, will be 
done. Their faith is deep-rooted in an estimate of 
between 8,000 and 10,000 legal baskets in opera- 
tion before the year is out. They figure basket 
fishermen will be taking 5,000 pounds of rough 
fish, or more, every day. The optimistic predic- 
tions are that we soon will begin to catch bigger 
bass and bream. 

The mystery involves fishermen who work their 
baskets every 48 hours, reducing this to 24 hours 
when runs are high. Their traps produce an 
average of 5 pounds of fish each — day after 
day. Occasionally they get more, often they get 
less, but the mystery is — where do all these fish 
come from? The supply seems inexhaustible. 

Opening day for legal baskets was April 1st 
when about 2,000 traps went down into our 
waters. For the first time in Georgia history we 
began to fight back against rampaging, destruc- 
tive, over-populated rough fish. 

The catch is mostly catfish. Catfish is in demand 
bringing 40c per pound, 45c dressed and for 50c 
you can pick them out. A few of the men operating 
25 to 50 baskets could have $50 to $100 days. Some 
of them are saying, "Better enjoy these good 
times. Won't be long before we get all the fish." 

The fact-finders know better. They insist the 
runs will continue unabated with more and larger 
fish getting caught as time goes by. They also 
say basket operations will take only a modest 
percentage of the available fish. 

We chatted with Otho May, State fisheries 
biologist and rough fish project leader, as we 
drifted down the Altamaha River watching some 




OUGH FISH 



of the boys pull up their baskets. Otho has been 
operating baskets for the State Game and Fish 
Commission for a long time on the Oconee and 
other rivers in an experiment which proved the 
rough fish program sound and worthy. 

"Could they possibly chop down these rough 
fish to a dangerous low?" Otho was asked. For a 
moment he was silent and pensive. With a sudden 
sweep of his hand, he declared, "take this river 
for example. It's big, long and loaded with rough 
fish. We will average far less than one basket per 
mile. If we had a dozen baskets per mile, there 
would still be a constant supply of millions of un- 
caught fish." 

We asked Otho to throw more light on the 
subject. He did. 

"When the boys really start producing, the price 
of catfish probably will drop. The urgent need 
right now is for an educational program to teach 
people how to operate baskets. 

"The mouth of any basket should face down 
stream. Feeding fish usually swim up stream and 
too — the trap doesn't fill up with trash. Basket 

(Continued on Page 22) 



(D— Fdd;'e Pollet of Uvalda shows Pat Wolf the new legal fish 
basket. His arm is extended through first funnel and touches trap 
door of second opening. It is this little door that keeps game fish 
out. Johnny Williams, Hazelhurst, an Oconee River fisherman, looks 
on. (2) Eddie and his helpers, Pat Wolf in fro t and H. S. Wolf in 
center, start out to check baskets. Wildlife Ranger Chief Mallory 
Hatchett, in second boat with L. C. Fulford, goes along to see that 
baskets meet specifications. (3) Hooks on his line contact and lift 
wire that leads to basket. (4) Fish are deposited into large tub. 
Rangers check up. (5) Eddie operates 30 baskets scattered in Oconee, 
Ocmulgee, and Altamaha Rivers. The average catch per basket is 5 
pounds. (6) A few suckers, carp and the rest are blue channel catfish. 
(7) Otho May, (left) state biologist, takes Carlton Morrison, At'anta 
radio broadcaster, to interview rough fish operators with on-the-spot 
recordings '8) Ranger J Clark, (left) checks with John Hcarn, of 
Lumber City who likes to catch his catfish on a trot line. 







- 



^ 





FISHING REGULATIONS 
FOR 1954-55 

Effective April 1, 1954, and con- 
tinuing- in force until changed by law 
or proclamation, all of the fresh 
water streams, lakes, and ponds of 
Georgia will be open to legal fishing 
throughout the year with the follow- 
ing exception. 

Exception: The trout streams of 
the following 12 mountain counties — 
Dawson, Fannin, Gilmer, Habersham, 
Lumpkin, Murray, Pickens, Rabun, 
Stephens, Towns, Union and White. 
Fishing in these waters is prohibited 
from November 15 through March 31, 
inclusive, each year. This regulation 
shall apply from the head to the 
mouth of said streams, and the mouth 
of those streams which flow into a 
lake shall be considered at the point 
where the stream reaches the body of 
the lake regardless of its level. 

There is no closed season on taking 
shad fish with rod and reel, fly rod, 
or pole and line. The daily limit shall 
be eight fish per person. Shad fish 
taken by the above methods cannot be 
sold. This covers all species of shad 
fish including what is commonly 
known as white shad and hickory 
shad. 

The restrictions and limitations upon 
the taking of fish in this State shall 
be as follows: 

Rock fish or 

striped bass 10 in one day 

Large-mouth 

black bass 10 in one day 

Small-mouth 

black bass 10 in one day 

Rock bass 10 in one day 

White bass 10 in one day 

Kentucky or 

Red-eye bass 10 in one day 

Bream 35 in one day 

I'erch 35 in one day 

Crappie 25 in one day 

Eastern Pickerel or 

Jack 15 in one day 

Wall-eyed Pike 3 in one day 

Muskelunge 2 in one day 

Brook Trout 10 in one day 

Rainbow Trout 10 in one day 

Brown Trout 10 in one day 

Red Breast Perch __25inoneday 

Shad 8 in one day 

No person may take from that por- 
tion of the waters of Clark Hill Res- 
ervoir of this State or have in his 
possession any Bass fish of less than 
8 inches in length measured from the 
tip of his nose to the fork of his tail. 

It shall be unlawful for any person 
to possess at any one time more than 
45 fish in the aggregate of all species 
named; and provided that no more 
than 10 Ba^-s of any and all species 
in the aggregate can be taken in any 
one day; provided that no more than 
10 Trout of any or all species in the 
aggregate can be taken in one day. 

16 



GEORGIA 

Game and Fish Commission 

412 State Capitol 
HERMAN E. TALMADGE, Governor 

The Commission is a constitutional body, responsible only to the Legislature and 
the Governor. 

Eleven in number — one from each Congressional District — the members of the 
Commission are appointed by the Governor for staggered terms of seven years and 
the Commission in turn appoints the director. 
The present Commissioners are: 

COMMISSIONERS 
Leonard Bassford, 10th District 
Chairman 
J. O. Bowen, 5th Dist. J. D. Pope, 4th Dist. 

Vice-Chairman Ben T. Rawuns, 6th Dist. 

Cason Calloway, Jr., 3rd Dist. Bill Austin, 7th Dist. 



Secretary 
James F. Darby, Jr.. 1st Dist. 
Richard Tift, 2nd Dist. 



Alva J. Hopkins, Jr., 8th Dist. 
Fred C. Jones, 9th Dist. 
Fred D. Beasley, Coastal 



ADMINISTRATIVE 

Fulton Lovell, Director 
W. H. Hodges, Enforcement Fred Dickson, Fish Management 

Jack Crockford, Game Manage- C. C James, Hatcheries 

merit David Gould, Coastal Fisheries 

Tom Sanders. License Division 

J. L. Stearns. Information and Education 

The heads of the various divisions and all employees are appointed by the 
Director on the approval of the Commission. The Director is a bonded state official 
and directs the entire program, which is established, and ways and means approved 
for its operation, by the Board of Commissioners at regular meetings. 



€<s( kc44 hirecU 
hrtoe ch pcllutbh 

Georgia's great conservation- 
ist, Ed Dodd, creator of Mark 
Trail, served in March for the 
third time as chairman of the 
National Wildlife Week. The 
principle purpose of Wildlife 
Week was to bring Americans up 
to date on the great threats to 
our streams and impoundments 
from sources of pollution, and 
the dissemination of informa- 
tion of proposed anti-pollution 
laws. The conservation special- 
ists plan to keep pollution and 
its many problems in front of 
the public as a major project for 
the year 1954. Efforts were 
planned to encourage many 
states to tighten up on loose 
pollution laws. 



License Fees 

Legal residents 65 years old eligible for 
free hunting and fishing license. 

For fishing in home county (pole, line and 
worms), no license required. 

Residents under 16 years of age (state), 
no fishing or hunting license required. 

State resident combination hunting and 
fishing license, $1.25. 

State non-resident fishing license (annual), 
reciprocal agreement. 

State non-resident fishing license (10 
days), $3.25. 

State non-resident fishing license (3 day), 
$1. 

State resident commercial fishing license, 
$2. 

Non-resident commercial fishing license, 
$5. 

State resident shad fishing license, $1. 

Non-resident shad fishing license, $10. 

County non-resident season hunting li- 
cense, $10.25. 

State non-resident season hunting license, 
$20.25. 

State non-resident hunting license, (10- 
day), $10.25. 

State resident trapper's license, $3. 

State non-resident trapper's license, $25. 

State non-resident fur dealers, $200. 

Propagation permit, $1. 




>/ ^55 f^ 






1. — With lungs full, float face down with back of the neck on the 
surface. 2 — Get ready for a downward thrust using arms, legs, or 
both. Be sure mouth is empty. 3. — Exhale through nose WHILE raising 
head so that mouth is in the air, shoulders under. 4. — With head 
vertical, thrust downward for support during mouth inhale. 5. — With 



^'l 



lungs full, drop head forward, immediately thrust downward and 
backward. 6 — Relax, with head, arms, and legs dangling, holding all 
air, while floating forward and upward. Learners rest three seconds 
here, experts rest ten seconds. 



1 a 



Drownprooi Yourself! 



w 



DROWNING ranks second only 
i/ to traffic deaths as a single 
cause of accidental deaths, yet 
a technique developed at Georgia 
Tech has proven that nearly any- 
one can easily be "drown- 
proofed" for extended periods of 
time, certainly long enough to 
be rescued under ordinary cir- 
cumstances. 

To give an idea of the effec- 
tiveness of the Georgia Tech 
method, an experiment was con- 
ducted at Tech with sixty POOR 
swimmers. A third had their 
wrists tied behind their back, 
another third had legs tied in a 




by 
Professor Fred R. Lanoue 

half bent position, and the re- 
maining third were free. Aver- 
age quitting time of these POOR 
swimmers was four hours and 
forty minutes, and sixteen of 
them reached the objective of 
EIGHT HOURS. It seems as 
though these folks approach 
"drownproofing." 

Breathing Technique 
"Drownproofing" is funda- 
mentally the development of a 
technique of breathing while 
swimming in deep water with 
such an absolute minimum of 
energy expenditure that terrify- 
ing complications like multiple 
cramps, heavy clothes, disabling 
injuries, high waves, rough wa- 
ter, and long immersion have lit- 
tle or no effect on survival. Many 
of our NON-SWIMMERS who 
have never swum one length of 
our pool, have stayed up one hour 
in the crowded deep end of our 
pool, using this technique, which 
most of them learned in about a 
dozen lessons. As a beginner, 
would you rather have a pretty 



These underwater photos show a Georgia 
Tech swimmer in positions 4 (left) and 5 as 
described in the above drawing. 



stroke, or still be on the top an 
hour after an accident in the 
water. 

Hunters, fishermen, boaters, 
swimmers — anyone who uses the 
water for recreation or work owe 
it to themselves, AND THEIR 
FAMILIES, to learn how to pro- 
tect themselves in water. This 
technique is cheaper and better 
than any insurance or gadget 
you can buy, and it is quite eas- 
ily self taught with a little prac- 
tice. 

Avoid Tiring 

The new technique has its 
basis in physics. Specific gravity 
(Continued on I'affe 21) 



~* 



.7* 




17 



THESE FISH! 

ARE PROPAGATED 
FOR All STREAMS -UKESSPOUK 
IN GEORGIA: FOR BETTER FISHIK 





URTON 
rCHERY 




Burton Hatchery All Dressed Up 

No explanation is needed for pictures 1-2-3-4 — since these signs 
tell the story. Many such signs have been put up by the Game and 
Fish Commission in various sections of the State. Sportsmen say there 
signs ore an invaluable service. (5) — Warm water species such as 
bass and bream are propagated in these Lake Burton Hatchery pools. 
Lake Burton is in the background. (6) These raceways turn out 
thousands of trout for stocking in North Georgia streams. More race- 
ways are being added. (7) — Thousands of little rainbows. When they 
get from 6 to 10 inches, they are released in trout streams. 



OTTERS 

GAY CLOWNS 
OF WILDLIFE 



i|TTERS, fun-loving clowns, 
(/ probably are the most play- 
ful creatures in all wildlife. Life 
to them is an unending game of 
frolic, tag, roll and tumble both 
in and out of water. These par- 
lous days of troubles throughout 
the world are not even remotely 
connected with the otter way of 
life. They just live to play and 
play to live. 

The graceful, light-hearted 
animals are unaware of a good 
price on their rich, luxuriant, 
durable hide. Demands for otter 
fur makes this gay creature live 
rather dangerously. Trapped 
otters often tear themselves 
loose by the fury of sheer force. 
Some have been known to bite 
off the trapped portion of their 
legs to escape. 

Fish Killer 

This gay, carefree animal is 
said to leave in his wake, a story 
of fearful fish destruction. They 
fish for the sheer joy of catch- 
ing fish. They catch bass, big 
and little ones. Even if not hun- 
gry, they will grab a bass, take 
it to shore, nibble a piece out of 
it to insure death and return to 
water for more fishing;. 



Not mony people have ever seen a baby 
otter. This Okefenokee Swamp youngster 
is just a handful of velvet-soft fluffy fur. One 
little chirp out of junior and mama and 
poppa will come a-running, ready for trouble. 



> 




*&1 



Ready for lunch! These Okefenokee Swamp Park otters never fail to snap to attention at the 
sight of a fish — and it must be fresh. 




m > ■'■•■^2 



In the Okefenokee Swamp, 
otters pursue their way of life 
undisturbed except for their na- 
tural wildlife enemies. In this 
refuge, their numbers have in- 
creased until now, sportsmen are 
accusing them of being the ma- 
jor contributor to the serious 
decline in game fishing. Some 
have reported seeing bass scales 
piled high on the banks — the 
handiwork of fun-loving, ram- 
paging otters. They also say vul- 
tures follow otter activities with 
an attentive eye to conclude the 
bass dining habit where the 
otter leaves off. 

Nomadic Nature 

Being of nomadic nature, the 
otter is reported to travel as 
much as six miles in one night 
and may cover lrom 50 to 60 
miles in a season. Where pos- 
sible, otters will make and take 
advantage of a mud slide lead- 
ing from a bank into the water. 
Over and over they skid, slip and 
slide into the water in a spirit of 
happy activity. 

Otters have a certain refuge 
along the bank which they estab- 
lish as a social center. Here they 
dry themselves, wallow and re- 
lax befoie resuming their end- 



less games. They are mature at 
2 years of age. Usually they have 
from two to four young. The 
newly born are blind, toothless 
and helpless for five weeks or 
more. The cubs must be taught 
to swim. Timid youngsters are 
dragged into the water by their 
parents. 

The momma otter stands a 
constant vigil over her little 
ones. Not even poppa is allowed 
to come near until junior is sev- 
eral months old. 

Annoys 'Gators 

The otter is fearless. It has 
been known to dip and dive 
about alligators, nipping them 
in touchy spots just for laughs. 
The annoyed 'gator is no match 
for an otter where swimming is 
involved, else — it would be a dif- 
ferent story. 

Other than the fish diet otters 
are known to eat crayfish, frogs, 
larvae of aquatic insects, worms, 
soft shell turtles and almost 
anything they can grub out of 
the mud. They prefer nocturnal 
activity and are seldom seen ex- 
cept at daylight or dusk. 

After exhaustive studies by 
game technicians, it was con- 
(Continued on Page 25) 

19 



— Xampreij — 



(Continued from Page 11) 

rey were definitely known here 
until March 17, 1953 when a 
single small individual was 
taken from a buck shad in the 
Ocmulgee River by Leroy Tip- 
pens, of Rochelle. The sea lamp- 
rey was to be expected in 
Georgia since it has been re- 
ported from the St. Johns River 
in Florida and from tributaries 
of the Savannah River in South 
Carolina. 

Sea lampreys are the largest 
and most destructive of the 
species. Fortunately, this spec- 
ies can be discounted in Georgia 
as a potential nuisance. It is 
apparently rather uncommon 
anywhere in the southern part 
of its natural range. There is 
some doubt that it ever spawns 
in Georgia since our only speci- 
men appears to be an immature 
individual that hitched a ride on 
a migrating shad. 

We do have two species of 
freshwater parasitic lampreys 
which appear to be locally abun- 
dant from time to time. One 
species is confined to streams 
in the Tennessee River drainage 
and the other in the Alabama 
River drainage. The latter 
species probably occurs in the 
Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers 
also. 

It is difficult to determine 
just how much harm Georgia 
lampreys can do. They are 
smaller than the sea lamprey 
and, in general, do not kill their 
prey. Further, they seem to at- 
tack suckers and catfish in pre- 
ference to bream or bass. Fish 
attacked by lampreys are not 
total losses. They may bear 
scars or sores but these would 
have no effect upon the usabil- 
ity of the fish unless some sec- 
ondary infection occurred in the 
wound. In the latter case, the 
infected area could be cut out 
and the rest of the fish eaten 
with perfect safety. 

Since brook lampreys are 
never parasitic they are of no 
concern to the fishermen. 

There seems to be no cause 
for alarm over lampreys in 





(Top) This Sea lamprey has proved it can wreak widespread destruction of game and food 
fishes. Only one has ever been found in Georgia waters, (middle) This parasitic or chestnut 
lamprey has been giving our fishermen a scare. It is regarded as little more than a pest, 
(bottom) Nothing to worry about here. The Brook lamprey is harmless. 



Georgia. We are not being in- 
vaded by lampreys — they have 
always been here. Actually, we 
can expect a decrease in our 
lamprey populations. As more 
and more dams are built, the 
parasitic lamprey species will be 
cut off from their spawning 
grounds in the headwaters. This 
might account for the numer- 
ous reports of lampreys in the 
Etowah River near Cartersville. 
These could be lampreys spawn- 
ed four or five years ago in 
small streams now inaccessible 
with the construction of Alla- 
toona Dam. In attempting to 
reach their native streams these 
lampreys may be accumulating 
below the dam in the spring. 
Lacking suitable spawning 



areas, most of them will die 
without reproducing. 

While we have a few speci- 
mens of lampreys and some 
scattered verbal reports, we 
need more definite information 
before we can adequately assess 
our lamprey problems. If you 
catch a fish with a lamprey on 
it, preserve the lamprey in 10 
percent formaldehyde. Record 
when and where it was taken. 
If you are fortunate enough to 
observe lampreys spawning, 
write or call Donald Scott at the 
Department of Biology, Univer- 
sity of Georgia. Your coopera- 
tion could provide us with in- 
formation that would be valua- 
ble in dealing with a lamprey 
problem should one develop. 



20 



// 



// 



Drownproof 



(Continued from Page 17) 

of the average human body is 
about .97, thus, only about five 
pounds of most individuals will 
float out of water even with the 
lungs full of air. The problem of 
people in a potential drowning 
situation is one of getting 
enough air to buoy one up, yet 
to do so in a manner to avoid 
tiring. This is best accomplished 
by using the Tech procedure as 
shown in the accompanying 
drawing. 

Advantages of the Tech pro- 
cedure are many. First, air pro- 
vides all buoyancy needed, after 
putting the face back in the 
water, thus eliminating tiring, 
unnecessary movements. Second, 
the possibility of choking is 
minimized by not tipping the 
head back. Third, real relaxation 
and long rest periods are ob- 
tained by proper spacing of the 
arm and leg movements. Fourth, 
the method works nearly as well 
with arms or legs alone, or using 
only one of each — folks DO get 
cramps, disabling injuries, etc., 
while swimming. 

One of the principal causes for 
drownings is panic. Panic causes 
poor swimmers to flail about and 
waste energy until they sink. It 
causes them to try to swim too 
fast. Distance without speed 
means literally nothing to a 
TRAINED swimmer. As long as 
the swimmer stays underwater, 
more than out of water, there is 
practically no strain. The best 
swimmers at Georgia Tech and 
at Emory University cannot hold 
fifteen pound weights out of 
water using legs alone for more 
than three minutes, although 
they can easily stay up for hours 
and swim miles, with their hands 
tied behind their backs. How sil- 
ly it is for poor swimmers, or 
any swimmers, to try to hold a 
fifteen pound head out of water 
for any time. The Georgia Tech 
procedure makes air do all the 
work of flotation, minimizes 
choking, and really produces re- 
laxation. It works equally well 
on he's or she's — old or young — 
fat or skinny — tall or short, and, 
smart or dumb. 




Director Fulton Lovell, of the Georgia State Game and Fish Commission, affixes his signature 
to the official papers that sealed the reciprocal fishing agreement between Georgia and 
South Carolina where it concerns the Clark Hill Reservoir. A. A. Richardson, South Carolina 
Director, awaits his turn to sign up. Senator L. L. Hester, of McCormick, S. C, watches the 
signing of the history making documents at Soap Creek Fishing Camp. 



Clark Hill Agreement 



T*HOSE dark clouds that hover- 
/ ed so long over Clark Hill 
were removed when Director 
Fulton Lovell, of the Georgia 
Game and Fish Commission, met 
with Director A. A. Richardson, 
of South Carolina at Soap Creek 
Fishing Camp and signed the 
long awaited reciprocal agree- 
ment. 

The agreement solved the 
problems for the fishermen since 
licenses from either state will be 
recognized and honored on Reser- 
voir waters. 

It was an occasion of soft 
words, smiles and good humor, 
more important, it was Georgia 
and South Carolina shaking 
hands across Clark Hill's rich 
fishing grounds just as good 
neighbors always should do. 

Here are a few details of the 



agreement which all sportsmen 
must observe. All Georgians, age 
12 to 65, must have a license. In 
all other Georgia waters (except 
Clark Hill) a license is not re- 
quired of persons under 16 years 
of age. 

The limit on bass is 10, plus 
30 other game fish with a pos- 
session limit of 40 game fish. 
Basket, seine, trot line and net 
fishermen are classified as com- 
mercial operators and must com- 
ply with the laws of their re- 
spective states. 

Any light stronger than a 5- 
cell flashlight is forbidden for 
fishing purposes. No person may 
use more than two lines at one 
time. No person may have a rifle 
in the boat and shooting rifles 
within 100 yards of the shore 
line is forbidden. 



21 



Rough Fish friMcci-aU PARTNERSHIP 



(Continued from Page 1.5) 

success depends on location and 
what is used for bait. Then it's up 
to the fish. 

"The best basket season is 
from May 15 on through the 
summer. Best catches come when 
the water is 65 degrees. When it 
is warmer or colder, the catch 
falls off. Yellow catfish often 
enter unbaited baskets. Oc- 
casionally a basket will take a 
gar or an eel. It takes about 2 
hours to make a trap and cost 
about $3. Legal baskets at hard- 
ware stores bring from $6 to $8. 

"Our experimental rough fish 
control program started in De- 
cember, 1951. Now it's all over. 
We will continue to trap a few 
fish but only for tagging pur- 
poses. We expect to tag and re- 
lease 2,000 rough and 1,000 game 
fish. My favorite fish? That's 
easy — catfish, of course. Wonder- 
ful'food! 

"Have you noticed," Otho con- 
cluded, "the increasing numbers 
of signs, 'Catfish Dinners?' This 
is a sign of wise utilization of a 
valuable resource." 



Prosperity! 

(Continued from Page 3) 

fishing has always had ample 
customers. It all adds up to 
fishermen thick as a pot full of 
blackeyed peas. 

Economically, it would be un- 
wise to pass up the dollar value 
of the dinners that will be the 
result of thousands of pounds 
of fish caught. More and more 
restaurants are featuring cat- 
fish and other type fish dinners. 

Many Georgia fishermen have 
reached the revealing conclusion 
that it is unnecessary to leave 
the state to catch fish. They have 
realized our waters can give 
them results and they are taking 
advantage of it. 

It all adds ud to big business 
and still Georgia has not hit its 
fishing peak. Few states can 
offer trout, bass, and other warm 
water fishing, plus salt water 
fishing — all in one great big 
package. The out-of-state an- 
glers are not asleep. Our non- 
resident license sales show we 
get anglers from every state in 
the nation. 



(Continued from Page 5) 
ducing about 1,000 eggs per 
pound of her weight. It has been 
figured that about 85 percent of 
the brown trout brood will be lost 
before they reach 18 months of 
age. Remember too, what a rough 
and tumble existence a trout 
lives in the average mountain 
stream. There is the wash down 
of sand and gravel, the sudden 
flash floods, and extremely high 
or bitterly cold water. 

Only the alert and quick sur- 
vive in their precarious dwelling. 
Much of the trout diet consists 
of insects which they take in sud- 
den darts almost faster than the 
human eye can follow. 

Then too, there is always that 
fellow in waders, hip boots, felt 
bottom or hob-nail shoes and 
probably wearing a ridiculous 
little hat stuck full of colorful 
flies. He will wave his magic 
wand and in a pool drops a fly 
that dances lightly on the water. 
The eyes of perhaps four or five 
trout watch every movement. 
Suddenly — Wham ! 

It is for this golden moment 
that grown men leave a busy 
office, a wife and children and 
drive over 100 miles. That's 
trout fishing ! 



Mo Cats OUh? 

Some of the countries that lead as 
fish producers are among the world's 
poorest fish eaters. This is how they 
compare, on a per capita consump- 
tion basis: 

Japan 83.3 lbs. 

Iceland 63.3 lbs. 

Norway 46.7 lbs. 

Denmark 35.9 lbs. 

United Kingdom 29.9 lbs. 

Belgium 21.6 lbs. 

Portugal 20.5 lbs. 

Germany 19.8 lbs. 

Holland 17.9 lbs. 

France 14.8 lbs. 

Canada 13.7 lbs. 

Italy 12.6 lbs. 

U. S. 11.1 lbs. 

China 6.0 lbs. 



(Continued from Page 2) 

and ponds. They keep a careful 
check on our great reservoirs. 
Thev have put into operation a 
creel census study on the North 
Georgia streams with a view of 
bringing about better trout fish- 
ing and stream improvements. 
They have developed our hatch- 
eries for greater fish production 
to meet greater demands. Thev 
stand guard over the rough fish 
control program. Their list of 
major and minor projects is long 
but thev all add up to more and 
better fishing. 

Our wildlife rangers have been 
a credit to the Enforcement 
Division. 

We are not without vexing 
problems. We are gravely con- 
cerned with pollution. It appears 
that Georgia may be slowlv 
committing an aquatic suicide 
by allowing poison to enter the 
water veins of the state. Water 
is certainly one of the greatest 
essentials for the continued 
existence of all animal life. Man 
seems to be the only creature in- 
tent on the destruction of this 
vital resource. 

Perhaps we have lost our 
respect for water. How much 
longer can we afford to ignore 
the life blood of the state? One 
day, we must come up with the 
right answers to heal these in- 
fected wounds that are con- 
stantly pouring poison in our 
life streams. 

Each year, irate citizens de- 
mand surcease to the wholesale 
slaughter of fish due to pollu- 
tion. We are powerless to act 
since we have no law to invoke. 
Complaints are highest in hot 
weather when water is low and 
robbed of its oxygen content. 
Impure water carries disease to 
men, livestock, fish, and wildlife 
to exact a devastating toll. 

The remedy is forthcoming. It 
will provide for industry, muni- 
cipalities and clean water exist- 
ing in a compatible state of well 
being for the benefit of all con- 
cerned. Meanwhile, every true 
conservationist hopes that all 
the sand will not have fallen 
through the hourglass before we 
get the correct, intelligent an- 
swer in the form of a law that 
can be enforced. 



22 



SU R VI V AL ® cipe ? " A * m 



(Continued from Page 9) 

bird eggs, birds, and other ani- 
mals. Plants, whether water or 
land, furnish edible fruits, 
seeds, bark tubers, buds, leaves, 
flowers, sap, pods, nuts, acorns, 
stems, roots, and shoots. If pos- 
sible, some cooking will make 
most of these more easily di- 
gested and less likely to cause 
sickness. This can be done by 
roasting in ashes or on hot rocks 
if you have no container. 

In general it is safe to try 
foods that you observe being 
eaten by birds and mammals. 
Never eat large quantities of a 
strange food without first test- 
ing it. A small quantity of even 
a poisonous food is not likely to 
prove fatal or even dangerous, 
whereas a large quantity may 
be. Unknown plant foods with 
milky juices should be avoided. 
Any plant parts with an unus- 
ually bitter or otherwise dis- 
agreeable taste may be definite- 
ly harmful. Mushrooms or toad- 
stools are dangerous unless you 
are an expert. Remember that 
while you may gag over an un- 
palatable morsel, many savages 
would smack their lips over it. 
There is a choice of starve or 
eat. If you are hungry enough, 
you'll eat anything you can 
catch or overtake. 

Water Most Important 

Water is the most important 
single factor for survival. With- 
out it, the presence or absence 
of food is of little importance. 
You can survive many days if 
you have water. Fortunately in 
the southern states, finding 
water usually is no difficult pro- 
blem. However, certain points 
other than purity are worth re- 
membering. When looking for 
water remember that the water- 
table is usually near the surface 
and can be reached with a little 
digging in low forested areas, 
along the seashore, and in the 
flood plane of rivers. The water- 
table tends to follow the con- 
tours of the land surface. 

Drinking water usually can be 
obtained along the seashore by 
scooping out holes in the beach 
at low tide. Fresh water will 
be found first when you dig 
since it is lighter than salt 



A handful of freckles on a turned up 

nose 
Patched up jeans and muddy toes, 
An old cane pole and a battered can 
Dad's old straw hat and baked on tan. 
A faithful pup less pedigree 
A vacant space where a tooth should 

be, 
A secret place to sit and dream 
A fishin' hole on a noisy stream. 
The birds, the frogs, the bugs and 

snakes 
And grub like only Mother makes 
And special times when Dad can come 
To fish and talk till day is done. 
It's such as these that link the span 
From a freckle nose kid to a worth- 
while man. 

— Paul Thygeson Gilbert 

water. Water too brackish to 
drink frequently can be made 
palatable by running it through 
a sand filter several times. 
Drinking sea water in any quan- 
tity when the body is dehy- 
drated is extremely dangerous. 
It should be remembered that 
body fluids of salt water fish 
when strained through a cloth 
can supply the human body as 
a water substitute and sustain 
life. 

When Not to Eat 

Don't eat if you lack water, as 
eating uses up the body's water 
reserves. Don't drink alcohol 
as it increases the risk of frost 
bite. Snow should be taken 
sparingly and should be melted 
in the mouth before swallow- 
ing. Sap is chiefly water antl 
from many plants it is both fit 
to drink and usually available. 
This is particularly true of many 
desert plants. In our area one 
source, easily found, is the 
grapevine. 

Your wilderness survival is in 
direct proportion to the know- 
ledge you have at your immed- 
iate command, your ability to 
improvise, and intelligently to 
apply specific information in 
supplying your immediate need. 
When it is all over, you will re- 
call your experience as a re- 
freshing visit in the great out- 
doors and rich in adventure. 
Keep always in mind the old In- 
dian who, when he could not find 
his way back to camp said "In- 
dian not lost, wigwam lost." 

Lost fishermen are especially 
well equipped since they possess 
the tools to secure food, strayed 
hunters can use their guns to 
solve the food problem. 



OTTERS 

(Continued from Page 19) 

eluded that otters are beneficial 
in spite of their fishing habits. 
Their fish diet often includes 
catfish and others coming under 
the classification of rough fish. 
They are especially valuable 
where the waters are overstock- 
ed with stunted fish. 

In the better informed circles, 
the stories of otters killing 
beavers are taken with a grain 
of salt. 

The otter reputation as a 
fighter is known and respected 
by its enemies. The teeth are 
rather large and strong. They 
can crush the bone in a dog's leg 
as a person might bite through 
a chocolate bar. 

In summary, the otter is all 
of these things — gentle, happy, 
a killer, a great swimmer, fear- 
less, fun-loving, care-free, alert, 
vivacious, quick, devoted to 
family, ever playful, steadfast 
in death and for the sheer joy 
of just being alive — it is the 
happiest living thing on earth. 



Clark Hill 
Fish Named 

What kind of fish are found 
in the Clark Hill waters? 

In a fish population study con- 
ducted by Fred Dickson, the fol- 
lowing species were found: small 
and largemouth bass; chain 
pickerel (jack) ; yellow perch ; 
black and white crappie; blue- 
gill; warmouth; shellcrackers; 
redbreast; roundflier; channel, 
brown bullhead, and flat bull- 
head catfish ; redhorse sucker, 
carp; gizzard shad, Johnnie 
darter; hog and chub suckers; 
goldfish, green sunfish, white 
catfish, golden shiners: spot -tail 
minnow; silver shiner: pirate 
perch; eel, and long nosed gar. 

Since this population study, 
there have been reports of 
striped bass and white bass be- 
ing caught. Walleyed pike are 
known to be in the waters thai 
\'v<-(\ the Clark Hill Reservoir 
and soon these wonderful game 
fish may be caught in the big 
lake. It may take a year or two 
lor the walleyes to reach Clark 
Hill water. 

23 




ft ^Letters to the Editor ft — 



SALT WATER FISH OF 
FLORIDA AND THE 
SOUTHERN COASTS 
By Vladimir IV alters 

24 pages. Drawings or color pictures on 
everv page. Published bv Caribou Press, Box 
236, Bronxville, N. Y. Price 50c. 

This pocket sized booklet is beauti- 
fully done in bright, gorgeous color 
illustrations. It is perfect as a refer- 
ence for the identification of salt 
water fishes. You will read every word 
and find yourself getting acquainted 
with such things as the Rainbow Par- 
rotfish, Pearl Fish, Hog Choker, Cow- 
fish, Lionfish, Batfish, French Angel 
and many others that will stir your 
imagination. 



AN ANGLERS ANTHOLOGY 
By Eugene Burns 

147 pages. Illustrated with sketches by 
Louis Macoillard. Published by Stackpole 
Company, Harrisburg. Pennsylvania. Price 
$5. 

It isn't necessary to be a fisherman 
to appreciate this excellent book. It is 
in prose and poetry with some of the 
best pieces of many of the most be- 
loved figures in English literature. It 
also contains choice selections of many 
well known contemporary writers. 

This is a valuable addition to any 
sportsman's library. It certainly will 
be a comforting companion for the 
angler in his leisure hours. It is the 
kind of reading enjoyed for perhaps 
a half hour before bedtime and it can 
be read over and over again. Between 
the covers you have reference, history 
of angling and words of wisdom from 
such famous writers as Robert Brown- 
ing, William Shakespeare, Robert 
Louis Stevenson, Henry D. Thoreau 
and many others. 

The change of pace in subject mat- 
ter is superb. 



FISHING TACKLE DIGEST 
By Charles R. Jacobs 

I is pages. Packed with illustrat: .ins and 
pictures. Produced by Crown Publishers, 419 
Fourth Ave., New York, N. Y. Price $1.50. 

Probably the most complete book of 
its type ever published. It deals with 
every type fishing tackle for fresh 
and salt water. The stories by out- 
standing writers are well done and in 
the language the fisherman under- 
stands best. 

It is full of hints, suggestions and 
methods for catching all types of 
game fish using the equipment of 
your choice. There are game fish 
identifications along with pictures, 
plus the history of the species ever, 
down to what they like to eat. It's a 
book you won't just read — you'll study 
it. 



THE WHITE HOUSE 

Washington 

February 15, 1954. 
Dear Mr. Lovell : 

Thank you very much for your 
letter of February twelfth, 
granting me hunting and fishing 
privileges in Georgia. I am most 
appreciative of your courtesy. 

I enjoyed to the full my too 
brief weekend expedition. The 
weather and the quail were most 
cooperative. 

With best wishes, 
Sincerely, 
Dwight D. Eisenhower 



Dahlonega, Ga. 
Dear Mr. Stearns: 

Have been reading your pub- 
lication for some time now and I 
think that it is a fine magazine. 
It gives the sportsmen of the 
state a lot of general and special 
information, plus some interest- 
ing reading. 

I would appreciate it if you 
would include my name in your 
subscription lists. I manage to 
get most of the issues from other 
people to read, but I would like 
to keep a back file on the issues 
so that I can refer to them when 
I want to do so. 

Thanking you in advance for 
the subscription, I remain, 
Yours truly, 
James H. Wood 
Attorney-at-Law 



Georgia Game and Fish 

Commission 
Atlanta, Georgia 
Dear Sirs: 

I have just received a copy of 
Georgia Game and Fish, and I 
wish to congratulate your de- 
partment on this splendid maga- 
zine. 

All the various articles are 
very interesting and good ; and I 
really appreciate being able to 
keep up with the wildlife and 
good fishing news from my old 
home state through these won- 
derful publications. 

Sincerely yours, 
Leonard H. Henrv 
1468 Church Street 
Beaumont, Texas 



Dear Mr. Stearns: 

Just had my first opportunity 

to see "Georgia Game & Fish." 

It is wonderful! I couldn't stop 

'til I had read the entire edition 

from cover to cover! 

The articles were very well 

written and quite timely. The 

photographs certainly add to 

reader interest. 

Your magazine is by far and 

large the very best of its type 

I've seen. 

Sincerely, 
Dr. LeRoy Harris 
Zone Chairman 
Lions International 
Box 143, Griffin, Ga. 



Athens, Ga. 
Dear Sirs: 

I have been reading your 
Georgia Game and Fish Maga- 
zine, which I obtained from my 
local ranger, Mr. Thornton. 

I have found, after reading 
several magazines on this sub- 
ject, that your magazine furn- 
ishes the most complete and 
profitable information in this 
field. 

I believe that your article in- 
troducing the game law enforce- 
ment officers to the public is the 
best step in gaining the full sup- 
port of the hunters and fisher- 
men. 

I would appreciate being on 
your regular mailing list. 
Sincerely yours. 
Robert M." Harris 



Chicago 9. 111. 
Dear Mr. Stearns: 

I have just received an issue 
of "Georgia Game and Fish." 

First, I want to congratulate 
you on a very fine job of publish- 
ing this wonderful edition. In my 
opinion your wonderful maga- 
zine surpasses all books you find 
on the newstand. 

Secondly, I want to thank you 
for your most kind assistance 
for helping me with my vacation 
problems. 

Sincerely yours, 
Richard Antolik 
5325 S. Marshfield 
Chicago 9, Illinois 



24 




Federal Chief 

Walter Gresh 

Wins Praise 

/F you have ever met Walter 
Gresh, Regional Director of 
the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Serv- 
ice, you are not likely to forget 
him. His job is to handle Federal 
business in 11 Southeastern 
states where it pertains to game 
and fish. This job he does with 
superb diplomacy, skill and 
efficiency. 

Walter's quick response to 
help settle problems, his marvel- 
ous spirit of cooperation and 
good fellowship has endeared 
him to every wildlife director in 
the 11 states. 

One of the true signs of great- 
ness is what fellow workers say 
and think of "the boss." All 
through the ranks of the U. S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service they 
regard their Director as not just 
their Chief but a close personal 
friend. He is never too busy to 
talk over problems, large or 
small, with his employees. They 
all say of Walter, "the greatest 
guy in the world." 

What a story they could have 
on Walter for, "This is Your 
Life." He is not only rich in 
friendships but wealthy in back- 
ground and experience. He has 
been through the mill. His first 

(Continued on Pajie 26) 



Hard Work Won 
Job as Chief 
For Hatchett 

yUALLORY Hatchett, Chief of 
' ' Ogeechee District with 
headquarters at Vidalia, came up 
thi'ough the ranks. Starting in 
1948, he worked under Chief 
Thomasson, of Macon, who said 
of Mallory, "He is one of the best 
wildlife rangers I've ever seen." 

Hatchett is married and has 
one son. He is a veteran of 14 
years of Army service most of 
which he served as a member of 
the Military Police. He was in 
the Philippines during the last 
war and was on occupation duty 
in Korea after the war. 

Mallory likes to fish and hunt 
but admits he prefers to see a 
deer galloping off into the woods 
than draped over an automobile 
fender. 

While Hatchett is soft of voice, 
those who know him are not mis- 
led by this characteristic. He 
does not ask his men to do any 
job that he will not do himself. 
He has won the admiration and 





wholehearted cooperation of all 
his associates. 

Perhaps it was his Army 
training that taught Mallory to 
master surprise tactics. Without 
notice, he will call his men to- 

(Continued <>n Page 2<>) 



Cliff Palmer, 

The "Iron-Man" 

Of Mountains 

/»HIEF Cliff Palmer, with 13 
C wildlife rangers in his divis- 
ion, operates in 12 North Georgia 
counties including vast parts of 
the Chattahoochee National For- 
est. He lives at Suches, Georgia, 
with his wife, Hazel, and three 
sons, Paul, Pete and Rex. Cliff 
proudly reports his boys have 
already graduated from the pole 
and line division to the rod and 
reel class although Rex, the 
youngest, is just four. 

Born in Nicholson, Cliff must 
have known as a boy that he 
would somehow always have a 
part in conservation and the out- 
doors. As a barefoot lad, his 
greatest joy was fishing and 
hunting. 

The Chief never once com- 
plains about the 24 hour duties 
demanded by the job he has held 
for 7 years. He rather enjoys the 
extra work. Few men can keep 
up with the pace the Chief sets. 
He moves effortlessly and tire- 
lessly over mountains and down 
rugged trout streams. 

His job is demanding since he 
must constantly check many of 
the North Georgia reservoir 
lakes, several hundred miles of 
trout streams, stand guard over 
the wildlife Management Area, 

(Continued on Page 2fi) 



25 



\ 



Walter Gresh 

(Continued from Page 25) 

wildlife job was with Pennsyl- 
vania back in the 30's. He then 
shifted over as a game techni- 
cian with the TVA. Later he was 
Regional Supervisor of Pittman- 
Robertson programs. Then he 
moved into Chicago for a better 
position with P-R. 

After more P-R work in Min- 
nesota, he came to Atlanta as 
assistant to James Silver, Re- 
gional Director. Upon Silver's re- 
tirement, Walter stepped into 
the top job. 

His hobby is woodworking in a 
little shop back of his home in 
Smyrna. For his own amuse- 
ment, he turns out items that 
reflect superior craftsmanship. 
His wife, Mrs. Mardie Gresh, is 
delighted with Walter's talent. 
She dreams it up and Walter 
builds it. They have one son who 
at present is in the U. S. Coast 
Guard. 

Walter's broiled steak and bar- 
becued chicken cooked on an out- 
door pit, comes under the head- 
ing of gastronomical delight. 
When time permits, he enjoys 
hunting and fishing. He is an 
expert at both. 

It is common knowledge that 
Walter Gresh is one of the best 
informed wildlife men in the na- 
tion. It isn't by accident that he 
comes up with right answers. 
He is a profound thinker and the 
smallest details do not escape his 
steel-trap mind. 

As a youngster, Walter 
traveled abroad in forestry work. 
He seldom forgets anything ex- 
cept his hat. These he loses fre- 
quently. If a spare hat turns up 
in certain restaurants, they auto- 
matically send to to Walter and 
usually it's his. 

How does he like Georgia? 
When he is away, he gets home- 
sick for the entire Southeast and 
especially Georgia. Pennsylvania 
is his native state. 

Few men have such a rare 
sense of timing. He catches 
trains and planes within the last 
minute of departure. And he 
never misses. 

He has litle patience with 
wildlife violators. Few of his 
closest friends know that while 
trying to catch a Pennsylvania 
violator, Walter was painfully 
wounded by a rifle shot in the 



Cliff Palmer 

(Continued from Page 25) 

take on a major role in the an- 
nual Management Area deer 
hunt and run down illegal night 
hunters. 

The big problem he faces con- 
cerns "self-hunting" dogs that 
have seriously damaged deer 
herds in the mountain areas. 
Time and again Cliff has caught 
the dogs and returned them to 
their owners only to have to 
catch them all over again. 

"I just wish," Palmer said, 
"these dog owners could see their 
pets run down a doe — many 
times with a fawn — and cruelly 
slash the poor animal to death. 
A man would have to own a 
strong stomach to watch that 
kind of show." Cliff owns two 
dogs and is proud of them. They 
are not deer killers. 

The Chief's life as a ranger is 
never dull. Many times he has 
been in wild automobile rides in 
pursuit of violators. His spring 
steel leg muscles quickly over- 
take violators. It is almost use- 
less to run if Cliff is in the chase. 

One fellow sent word to the 
Chief that he intended to hunt 
when he pleased and at his own 
convenience. He challenged the 
Chief to do something about it. 
The man had built a deer blind 
in the top of an old house on the 
rim of the Management Area. At 
2 a.m. one moonlight night, he 
came down out of his blind, right 
into Palmer's waiting arms. The 
next stop was the court room. 

shoulder. The man was caught 
and received a stiff sentence. 

If vou want to find Walter at 
the Atlanta office of the U. S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service, just 
look for a fellow with a big smile 
and a large "hello." 



Baked Fish 

Rub trout or rough fish with 
salt and pepper. Stuff with sliced 
onion and a small amount of 
garlic. Place trout in pan and 
slice two or more onions over 
the top. Lay a few slices of bacon 
over the trout and 2 or 3 bay 
leaves. Pour canned tomatoes 
over the fish, covering well. 
Bake in a moderate oven until 
trout are tender. 



Chatuye Rated 

POPULATION studies at Lake 
# Chatuge by Fred Dickson and 
his staff of biologists and 12 
rangers late in 1953 told a 
pleasant story for our sports- 
men. 

In a nut shell, the lake was 
found to be in excellent shape 
and well balanced. The big sur- 
prise was the crappie population. 
In all the years of his experience 
Fred couldn't remember when he 
had seen such big, healthy crap- 
pie. His statement was sub- 
stantiated later when a teen-age 
lad hauled out a crappie over 4 
pounds 

Some of the Lake Chatuge 
species examined included bass 
(large and smallmouth), crap- 
pie, bluegill, warmouth, shell- 
crackers, redbreast, yellow 
perch, channel catfish (big 
ones), milktail shiners, carp and 
goldfish. 

Chatuge is one of the few 
lakes in the state where the 
game fish outnumber the rough 
fish. The prediction is for great 
fishing and outstanding catches. 



Mallory Hatchett 

(Continued from Page 25) 

gether and spend the night on a 
river in search of illegal devices 
or hunters and fishermen vio- 
lating the laws. Violators feeling 
secure and confident of a "clear 
field" suddenly find Hatchett 
tapping them on the shoulder. 

The Chief believes our game 
and fish future is in the hands 
of youngsters. He never passes 
up an opportunity to spend time 
with boys and girls and tell them 
the story of conservation. 

So far as Chief Hatchett is 
concerned, he has the greatest 
job in the world. He explains it 
thusly, "I'm doing the type of 
work I like to do and when you 
like what you're doing — you are 
happy. I just like the great out- 
doors and everything in it." 

His work as chief has reflected 
credit to the Game and Fish 
Commission. In his new terri- 
tory he has many new friends 
and has had excellent coopera- 
tion from court officials. 



26 




3 510fl DMSSM DS3M 



Georgia Cooperative Wildlife Areas — Georgia Game and Fish Commission 

and Chattahoochee National Forest 



OPEN DATES 



Blue Ridge Management Area 
ROCK CREEK 

Saturdays & Sundays: April 24 & 25, May 1 & 2. 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 & 

23, 29 & 30. July 3 & 4, 10 & 11. 17 & 18. 24 & 25. 
Wednesdays and Thursdays: June 2 & 3, 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24, 

August 4 & 5, 11 & 12, 18 & 19, 25 & 26. 
Also: September 4, 5 & 6. 
Directions from Atlanta: Go to Dahlonega. travel for approximately 

3 miles on Hy. 19 toward Cleveland, turn left on Coopers Gap 

dirt road and travel approximately 14 miles to Hightower Gap. 

Permits may be bought here from Ranger Cleve Harper. 
NOONTOOTLEY CREEK 
Wednesdays and Thursdays: May 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27. 

July 1, 7 & 8. 14 & 15, 21 & 22. 28 & 29, 31. 
Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27, 30, 

August 1, 7 & 8, 14 & 15. 21 & 22, 28 & 29. 
Directions from Atlanta: Go by way Blue Ridge. Morganton. to Dial, 

Georgia. Go to Noontootley Creek which is near Junie Stevens' 

residence. Permits may be secured from Ranger Mullinax. Also 

from Ranger Harper at Winding Stair Gap. 
NIMBLEWILL CREEK 

Saturdays and Sundays: May 1 & 2, 8 & 9, 15 & 16. 22 & 23. 
Wednesdays and Thursdays: August 4 & 5. 11 & 12. 18 & 19, 25 & 26. 
Directions from Atlanta: Take Hy. 19, just before Dahlonega, and 

travel to Nimblewill Church, go by the church on the left fork, 

and travel to Nimblecreek bridge where permitB may be bought 

from Ranger H. C. Rider. 
MONTGOMERY CREEK 
Wednesdays and Thursdays: May 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27, 

July 31. 
Saturdays and Sundays: August 1. 7 & 8. 14 & 15, 21 & 22. 
Directions from Atlanta: Just before reaching Dahlonega, take Hy. 19 

and travel to Nimblewill Church, turn to the right at the church, 

the first creek is Jones Creek, the second is Montgomery Creek. 

Permits may be bought at the bridges from Ranger H. C. Rider. 
JONES CREEK 
Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27, July 

3 & 4, 10 & 11. August 28 & 29. 
Also : September 6. 
Directions from Atlanta: Just before reaching Dahlonega, take Hy. 19 

and travel to Nimblewill Church, turn right at the church. The 

first creek is Jones Creek. Permits may be bought from Ranger 

H. C. Rider at the bridge. 

Chattahoochee-Chestatee Management Area 

CHATTAHOOCHEE AND SPOIL CANE CREEKS 

Saturdays and Sundays: May 1 & 2, 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 & 23, 29 & 30, 

July 3 & 4. 10 & 11, 17 & 18, 24 & 25, 31. 
Wednesdays and Thursdays: June 2 & 3. 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24. 

August 1, 7 & 8, 14 & 15, 21 & 22. 28 & 29. 
Also : September 5 & 6. 
Directions from Atlanta : Go to Helen, Georgia, continue northward on 

Hy. 17 & 75 until you cross the first river bridge, turn to the 

right. Permits may be obtained from Ranger Frank Hedden. 
DUKES CREEK 
Wednesdays and Thursdays: May 5 & 6, 12 & 13. 19 & 20, 26 & 27, 

July 1. 7 & 8, August 4 & 5, 11 & 12. 
Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6. 12 & 13, 30. 
Directions from Atlanta: Go to Helen, Georgia, continue northward on 

Hy. M & 75 until you cross the first river bridge, turn to the 

left and travel approximately 6 miles to the creek, permits may 

be bought from Ranger Frank Hedden. 
SMITH CREEK 

Saturdays and Sundays: June 19 & 20, 26 & 27. 
Wednesdays and Thursdays: July 14 & 15, 21 & 22, August 18 & 19. 

25 & 26. 
Directions from Atlanta: Go to Helen, continue travelling northward 

one mile to Robertstown, travel eastward approximately 2 miles to 

the upper end of Unicoi State Park Lake, where permits may 

be obtained from Ranger Frank Hedden. 
DICKS AND WATERS CREEKS 
Saturdays and Sundays: May I 2, 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 & 23, 29 & 30. 

July 3 & 4, 10 & 11, 17 & 18, 23 & 24. 
Wednesdays and Thursdays: June 2 & 3, 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24. 
Also: September 4, 5 & 6. 
Directions from Atlanta: Travel 14 miles north of Cleveland on Hy. 

11 to Turners Corner, travel southward one-half mile on Hy. 19 

& 9, turn right at church and school house. This road will lead 

to Ranger R. C. Byer's residence, where permits may be obtained. 
BOGGS CREEK AND CHESTATEE RIVER 

Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6. 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27. 
Wedn. idaya and Thursdays: August 1 & 5, 1 1 & 12, 18 & 19, 25 & 26. 
Directions from Atlanta: Travel 14 miles noi*h of Dahlonega on Hy. 19 

to Turners Corner. Permits may be bo ght from Ranger Bycrs. 

Lake Burton Management Area 
WILDCAT (REEK 

Saturdays and Sundays: May 1 & 2, 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 & 23, 29 & 30, 
July t & I. in & 11. 17 & 18, 24 & 25. 

Wednesdays and Thursdays: June 2 & 3, 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24 
August 4 & r>. 11 & 12. 18 & 19, 25 & 26. 

Directions from Atlanta: Go to Clai kesville, take Hy. 97 to end of pave- 
ment, turn to left and pass Huford LaPrade's Camp, pass the first 
creek to the top of the first hill, turn to the left on dirt road. 



This will lead you to Wildcat Creek, where permits may be bought 
from Ranger T. E. Hollifield. 

MOCASSIN CREEK 

Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27, July 
3 & 4, 7 & 8, 14 & 15. 21 & 22, 28 & 29, August 7 & 8, 14 & 
15, 21 & 22, 28 & 29. 

Also: September 4, 5 & 6. 

Directions from Atlanta : Go to Clarkesville, take Hy. 97 to end of 
pavement, turn left and follow the main road to the Lake Burton 
Fish Hatchery, where the permits may be bought from Ranger 
T. E. Hollifield. 

DICKS CREEK 

Wednesdays and Thursdays : May 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27. 

Directions from Atlanta: Go to Clarkesville, turn to left on Hy. 97, 
travel past Lake Burton Fish Hatchery to the first creek. Per- 
mits may be bought here from Ranger Hollifield. 

Cohutta Management Area 
JACKS RIVER 

Saturdays and Sundavs: May 1 & 2. 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 & 23, 29 & 30, 
June 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20. 26 & 27, July 3 & 4, 10 & 11, 17 
& 18. 24 & 25. 

Wednesdays and Thursdays: August 4 & 5, 11 & 12, 18 & 19, 25 & 26. 

Also: September 4, 5 & 6. 

Directions from Atlanta : Go to Ellijay, take Hy. 52 & 76 westward, 
travel approximately 6 miles, turn to right on the Holly Creek 
Road, go to top of the mountain, turn right. Travel approximately 
8 miles to Ranger Cleo Andrew's home, where permits may be 
obtained. 

CONASAUGA RIVER 

Wednesdays and Thursdays: May 5 & 6. 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27, 
June 2 & 3, 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24, September 1 & 2. 

Saturdays and Sundays: July 3 & 4, 7 & 8, 14 & 15, 21 & 22, 28 & 29, 
31, August 1, 7 & 8, 14 & 15, 21 & 22. 28 & 29. 

Directions from Atlanta: Go to Ellijay. take Hy. 52 westward, travel 
about 6 miles, turn to right on Holly Creek Road, to the top of 
mountain, turn left where sign directs to Conasauga and go to 
Betty's Cabin, where permits may be bought from Ranger Clyde 
Crowe. 

LAKE RUSSELL MANAGEMENT AREA (No permit required) 

May 5. 8 & 9, 12, 15 & 16, 19, 22 & 23, 26, 29 & 30. 

June 2, 5 & 6, 9, 12 & 13, 16, 19 & 20, 23, 26 & 27, 30. 

July 3 & 4, 7, 10 & 11, 14, 17 & 18. 21, 24 & 25, 28. 31. 

August 4. 7 & 8. 11, 14 & 15, 18, 21 & 22, 25, 28 & 29. 

September 1. 4, 5 & 6, 8, 11 & 12, 15, 18 & 19, 22, 25 & 26, 29. 

No permit required. (Warm water fish) Fishing from sun-up until 
sundown only. Directions from Atlanta: Go to Cornelia, take the 
road to the right, at Cornelia's swimming pool, and follow to 
Lake Russell. 



Permits and Fees: A special permit costing $1 per day per person, 
regardless of age, is necessary in addition to a regular State 
Fishing license. State license is unnecessary for children under 
16 years of age or for a person fishing with earthworms in his 
county of residence. Permits are valid only on specified streams, 
and open portions of tributaries thereof, and on date for which 
purchased. 

Fishermen must obtain license and permit before tiny begin fishing. 
Permits can be obtained from the Wildlife Rangers on the areas 
specified. 

Persons found fishing without first obtaining permits will be liable 
for legal action. 

Gate at Cooper's Gap will be open at 1 :00 p. m. on day preceding each 
open period so that fishermen may enter in the Blue Ridge Man- 
agement Area for camping. 

Manner of Fishing: Fish may be taken only with rod and line. Any 
type of bait or lure may be used. Each permittee shall have in 
use at any one time on the area not more than "in- rod and line. 
held in hand. 

Edmundson Pond will be reserved for the exclusive fishing usi of 
women, children under 16, and physically handicapped persons. 

Fishing Time: Fishing shall be permitted only between the hours of 
daylight and sundown of the same day. 

Creel Limit: The maximum catch in any day and the maximum 
number in possession of one person shall not exceed ten fish of 
any one or all species, of any size. 

Creel Census: Each trout fisherman must leave his fishing license at 
checking station to be held until his return, at which time the 
fishing license will be returned to the owner. The purpose of this 
is to obtain a creel census from every fisherman, so we may know 
when to restock the stream or streams for the benefit of the 
fishermen. From a creel census other information will be ob- 
tained, such as. the number of hatchery-reared, and the number 
of native-reared trout that have been captured. This and other 
information is needed in formulating stocking lists. 

FOR OTHER INFORMATION ask your Wildlife Ranger in thi 
whom you will find courteous and helpful at all times. 



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